Marsman, Hendrik

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Marsman, Hendrik Gender: M
born on 30 September 1899 at 02:30 (= 02:30 AM )
Place Zeist, Netherlands, 52n05, 5e15
Timezone LST m4e53 (is standard time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Astrodienst
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 06°42' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 14°38 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 29°39'

Hendrik Marsman


Dutch writer, poet,translator and autobiographer.

His father Arie Marsman 2 February 1861, Utrecht) had a bookshop. His mother was Johanna Hendrika Wormgoor 1 January 1865, Vorden), a teacher. Hendrik was the eldest of three. Hendrik had a poor health (astma, epilepsy), which caused some three years study delay. Already at age 6, he spent four months in a hospital.

He wanted to become a sea captain (1914), but because of poor health, he became a lawyer in Utrecht from 1929 till 1933. In 1935 he left this job, to fully concentrate on literature. Factors were poor health, but also problems in communication.

At the HBS he met the anarchist Paul Arthur Lehning (23 October 1899 8 AM Utrecht- 1 January 2000). When he became bedridden for months because of pneumonia (Febr 1918), he dictated on March 4 Lehning the vitalistic poem "Dageraad". It was published December 1918 in Stroomingen, after having been refused by Het Getij and Elsevier. Lehning would later help him to publish his first poetry bundle Verzen in 1923.

The next year he contacted Verwey (early 1919), who published De twee schilders, Vrouw, De verhevene and Schaduw in De Beweging (July 1919). During his study Law in Leiden (1922-1928), he went on publishing, writing mostly in verse. In 1925 and from 1929 till 1931 he was an editor of Forum.

On 18 December 1929 he married Rina Louise Barendregt (15 Augustus 1897, Rotterdam), a teacher who was interested in literature. They got no children.

Originally raised protestant, he felt attracted to the Catholic church. Later he was influenced by German expressionists and by Nietzsche. With Ed. Coenraads, he translated "Also sprach Zarathustra" into the Dutch language.

Marsman died in the Bay of Biscay on 21 June 1940 when the ship "Berenice" he used to escape to England was torpedoed and sunk.

Link to Wikipedia


  • associate relationship with Doolaard, A. den (born 7 February 1901). Notes: both writers were vitalists
  • associate relationship with Pascoaes, Teixeira de (born 8 November 1877). Notes: translator of De Pascoaes
  • friend relationship with Ivens, Joris (born 18 November 1898). Notes: Poet versus observer


  • Health : Acute illness February 1918 in Zeist (pneumonia)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Begin Major Project 4 March 1918 in Zeist (dictated Lehning Lehning the vitalistic poem "Dageraad")
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Prize 1927 in Amsterdam (Prijs van Amsterdam for Paradise regained)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1934 in Utrecht (Porta Nigra)
  • Work : Prize 1936 (C.W. van der Hoogtprijs for Porta Nigra (1934))
  • Death by War or Terrorism 21 June 1940 (Aboard torpedoed ship)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

The Cirkels book of Jan Kampherbeek quotes B.C. (2:30 AM Amsterdam time)

Svi: The online BC #226 indeed states: 30 september des nachts te half drie uur.

Marsman, Hendrik (1899-1940): KNAW

H. Marsman · dbnl


  • Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Asthma
  • Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Epilepsy
  • Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Atheist
  • Personal : Death : Accidental (On board sinking ship)
  • Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet (Verse)
  • Vocation : Writers : Translator (André Gide , Teixeira de Pascoaes, Friedrich Nietzsche)