Jong, Loe de

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Jong, Loe de Gender: M
Louis de Jong
born on 24 April 1914 at 13:00 (= 1:00 PM )
Place Amsterdam, Netherlands, 52n22, 4e54
Timezone LST m4e53 (is standard time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Koppejan
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 03°29' s_mo.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 23°12 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 29°56'

Loe de Jong (presents De bezetting in 1966)
photo:, license cc-by-sa-3.0


Dutch and Jewish historian and journalist, the writer of the Dutch standard work "The Kingdom of the Netherlands During World War II".

Louis de Jong was one of the male twins of the milkman Godfried de Jong (17 August 1891, Amsterdam - 4 June 1943, Sobibór, Poland) and Betsij Aleng (22 December 1888, Amsterdam - 4 June 1943, Sobibór). He was named after his grandfather Lewi, but to prevent discrimination, the parents changed the name Lewi to Louis. But Louis changed it again to the Jewish "Loe" in his penn-name Loe de Jong.

Louis had an in his parents eyes very succesfull twin brother Salomon "Sally" de Jong (24 April 1914, Amsterdam - 31 May 1945, Buchenwald or KZ Mittelbau-Dora), who became a PhD physician on 3 October 1940 in Amsterdam. Sally married Elisabeth de Jong-Van Male (7 May 1915, Deventer – March 1944, Auschwitz) and got two children, who survived the Holocaust by going underground. Sally and Elisabeth escaped July 1943 from Camp Westerbork and fled to France. But here they were captured, imprisoned in Camp Drancy and on 17 December transported to Auschwitz. When the Russians neared the camp, he was transported to Camp Buchenwald or the nearby KZ Mittelbau-Dora, where he died of exhaustion after the war. Louis was jealous of his twin brother Sally, even after his tragic faith. In the sixties Louis had psychological treatment for it.

Their only and youngest sister Jeannette de Jong (12 October 1930, Amsterdam - 4 June 1943, Sobibór) was killed during the Holocaust before she could establish a family.

Louis and Sally de Jong visited the Vossius Gymnasium in Amsterdam. Louis studied Social Geography and History at the University of Amsterdam (Sept 1932 - Nov 1937). Though he did not study hard and was more involved in social life, he graduated November 1937 cum laude.

From 1 February 1938 till May 1940 he was editor foreign affairs of the weekly De Groene Amsterdammer. On 6 September 1939 he married Liesbeth Cost Budde (5 July 1912 - 25 February 1980), with whom he stayed till her death.

On 16 May 1940, one day after the Dutch capitulation, Louis and his pregnant wife escaped to England. In London he became editor of Radio Oranje (1 July 1940), on 30 July 1940 he held his maiden speech on the BBC. Radio Oranje was set up by the Regeringsvoorlichtingsdienst of the Dutch government in exile. Listening to it was forbidden, as was possessing a wireless radio later during the war.

From October 1945 till 1979 he was the director of the Rijksinstituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie (RIOD), an institute that had to collect, to archive and to publish documents with regard to the Dutch history during WW2. He joined the organisation 15 September 1945.

De Jong wrote the 14 Volumes of "Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in de Tweede Wereldoorlog (The Kingdom of the Netherlands During World War II). He wrote 2000 words per day. About his personal history the Wikipedia said: "The investigative committee was highly critical of de Jong's insertion of his own personal history in the series. He described in volume 3 how he fled the Netherlands, in volume 7 how his family fared during the war, and reflected on his family's history in volume 12.[3]"

He became famous in the Netherlands on 6 May 1960, when he started presenting the Dutch Television Series "De bezetting" (The 40-45 occupation, 1960-1965). He won the 1961 Nipkow award for it. Major questions that puzzled De Jong and the Dutch nation were: How could this happen? Why were so many Dutch Jewish citizens killed? Could people have any knowledge of the Holocaust? Why was the resistance so early broken? The television series in 21 parts, that shocked the Dutch nation can like most of his work found online (see Events). No other television series dealing with Dutch history ever gained that impact and popularity.

A spin-off was also shown on German television(Die Besatzung, WDR). But the "Einschaltquoten" were low. The Germans were not interested in what happened in the Kennemerduinen, behind the by German tourists more popular Zandvoort aan Zee. Just as the inhabitants of Goethe city Weimar, had no interest in the place of horror Buchenwald where his twin brother Sally de Jong after the liberation died.

Loe de Jong died on 5 March 2005 at old age in Amsterdam.

Link to Wikipedia


  • associate relationship with Herzberg, Abel (born 17 September 1893). Notes: Both Jewish historians, describing/interpreting the Holocaust as it ocuured to them
  • opponent/rival/enemy relationship with Jong, Sally de (born 24 April 1914). Notes: Loe was always jealous of his twin brother and even got in therapy for it (1959/60)
  • sibling relationship with Jong, Sally de (born 24 April 1914). Notes: Twin brother.
  • role played of/by Aantjes, Willem (born 16 January 1923). Notes: De Jong accused Aantjes of Waffen-SS service during WW2


  • Other Family 12 October 1930 in Amsterdam (Jeannette de Jong (12 October 1930, Amsterdam - 4 June 1943, Sobibór))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : End a program of study November 1937 in Amsterdam
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 6 September 1939 (Liesbeth Cost Budde)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Mundane : Terrorist attack 10 May 1940 at 04:00 AM in Amsterdam (Op vrijdag 10 mei ’40 werden mijn vrouw en ik ’s morgens om een uur of vier door doffe dreunen gewekt. […] ‘’t Is oorlog’, zei ik. ‘Dat dacht ik al’, zei Liesbeth ..)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Begin Travel 16 May 1940 in IJmuiden (shipped to England after the Dutch capitulation)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 30 May 1940 in London (maiden speech for BBC radio (Radio Oranje))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Career 1 July 1940 in London (editor of Radio Oranje)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mother 4 June 1943 in Sobibór extermination camp
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 4 June 1943 in Sobibór extermination camp (Jeannette de Jong)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Father 9 June 1943 in Sobibór extermination camp
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Significant person March 1944 in Auschwitz concentration camp (Sister-in law Elisabeth de Jong-Van Male)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 15 September 1945 in Amsterdam (Director of the NIOD in October 45)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 9 May 1963 (Member of the Dutch academy of science (KNAW))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1990 in Den Haag (Opkrabbelen (autobiography))
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1993 in Den Haag (Herinneringen (autobiography))
  • Death, Cause unspecified 5 March 2005 in Amsterdam
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Secrets revealed 11 January 2011 (Het zwijgen van Loe de Jong, documentary by granddaughter)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Work 12 December 2011 in Amsterdam (NIOD website crashed, too much attention)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Koppejan quotes Municipal Archive of Amsterdam for 24 April 1914 1h00 PM in Beeldgids van de dierenriem.

The document of the historian Boudewijn J. Smits "De Jong noten" confirms the birth time given by Koppejan of Louis and quotes the birth time of Sally as 2h00 PM: "Gemeente Amsterdam, Dienst Persoonsgegevens. Uittreksel geboorteaktes (13 oktober 2006, gegevens ontleend aan het origineel) van Louis de Jong (aktenummer 9-4909; geb. om 13.00 uur op 24 april 1914 in Amsterdam) en Sally de Jong (aktenummer 9-4911; geb. om 14.00 uur op 24 april 1914 in Amsterdam)."


  • Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (twin)
  • Personal : Birth : Twin, triplet, etc.
  • Vocation : Education : Researcher
  • Vocation : Humanities+Social Sciences : Historian
  • Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer
  • Vocation : Writers : Columnist/ journalist
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
  • Notable : Famous : Newsmaker (In the Dutch debate on the Holocaust)
  • Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession