|born on||16 December 1775 at 23:45 (= 11:45 PM )|
|Place||Steventon, England, 51n38, 1w20|
|Timezone||LMT m1w20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||24°57' 14°56 Asc. 24°08'|
British writer, the first renowned female novelist of England. Her six major novels interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism, humour, and social commentary, have long earned her acclaim among critics, scholars, and popular audiences alike.
With the publications of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two additional novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published posthumously in 1818, and began another, eventually titled Sanditon, but died before its completion.
The seventh of eight children born to a scholarly village rector, she wrote from age 12 with her first novel at 15. For family entertainment, the entire family would tell stories, stimulating her young imagination. Her father was a kindly, reserved cleric and her mother, witty. She had six brothers and a beloved sister, Cassandra.
There were few opportunities available to a young woman in that time and place; women were not even allowed into the universities. Jane Austen had two years of formal education. As a young girl she was as high-spirited and silly as any and had several suitors. Her flirtation with the attractive but impecunious Tom Lefroy, whose family insisted that he marry money, set neighbourhood tongues wagging. Later, she suffered a deeper embarrassment in first accepting, then rejecting the very next morning, the proposal of Harris Bigg-Wither, who was suitable from a social viewpoint, but not to her romantic heart. She remained a lifelong spinster, later becoming somewhat tight-lipped with chastity.
Having six full-length novels published was a remarkable accomplishment for a woman in that era. Her health failed in 1815, probably from Addison's disease, and she died on 18 July 1817 at 4:30 AM in Winchester, England, where she had come for medical treatment. In 2021, there was some speculation that she might have been the victim of arsenic poisoning.
Her six full-length novels have rarely been out of print, although they were published anonymously and brought her moderate success and little fame during her lifetime.
Austen has inspired many critical essays and literary anthologies. Her novels have inspired many films, from Pride and Prejudice (1940) to more recent productions like Sense and Sensibility (1995), Emma (1996), Mansfield Park (1999), Pride & Prejudice (2005), and Love & Friendship (2016).
- compare to chart of West, Jane (born 30 April 1758)
- role played of/by Hathaway, Anne (born 12 November 1982). Notes: 2007 film "Becoming Jane"
- other kind of relationship with Chapman, Robert (born 5 October 1881). Notes: Editor and collector of Austen's works
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1811 (First of six novels published)
- Health : Chronic illness 1815 (Health started failing, possibly Addison's disease)
Eshelman quotes From Pioneer to Poet, Or, the Twelve Great Gates: An Expansion of the Signs of the Zodiac Analysed by Isabelle M. Pagan (Theosophical Society, 1911): "A letter from her father announced the birth as 'before midnight.'" She was born in Hampshire, in a village near Basingstoke, England, given as Steventon by Pagan.
Unable to find a readable copy of Pagan's book, Sy Scholfield found only references to Jane's father's often-quoted letter of 17 December 1775 in which he states, "Cassy certainly expected to have been brought to bed a month ago; however, last night the time came, and without a great deal of warning, everything was soon happily over. We have now another girl, a present plaything for her sister Cassy and a future companion. She is to be Jenny, and seems to me as if she would be as like Henry, as Cassy is to Neddy" (This letter is quoted in many books, for example, Jane Austen's Family by Maggie Lane, Robert Hale, 2014, which states this was the only known letter written by Jane's father at this time). This letter states only that Jane was born on the night of the 16th, ostensibly some time between sunset and midnight starting the 17th. Scholfield suggests that the data be downgraded to 'C' unless clarification of a birth time nearer to midnight can be found.
Biography: Valerie Grosvenor Myer, "Jane Austen: Obstinate Heart," Arcade Publishing Inc.
Biography: David Nokes, "Jane Austen: A Life," Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Biography: Carole Shields, "Jane Austen."
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Other Major diseases (Ill, possibly Addison's)
- Family : Childhood : Family close
- Family : Childhood : Family large (Eight, six brothers and one sister)
- Family : Childhood : Family supportive
- Family : Childhood : Order of birth (Seventh of eight kids)
- Family : Relationship : Married late/never (Never)
- Family : Parenting : Kids none
- Lifestyle : Home : Same location lifetime
- Passions : Sexuality : Celibacy/ Minimal
- Vocation : Writers : Fiction (Six novels)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women